After the establishment of Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh on 3rd Nov, 1947, Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati on 20th Sept, 1960 and Silchar Medical College, Silchar on 15th August, 1968; the State Government had not established any new Medical College and thereby created a big vacuum in the Health Care delivery system. The Government realized that the number of graduate and postgraduate doctors produced was totally inadequate for the needs of the State and there was acute shortage of doctors to man the health establishment in the primary and secondary sector of the State.
It was in this scenario, the Government of Assam, under the inspiring and farsighted leadership of Hon’ble Chief Minister Sjt. Tarun Gogoi and with the dedicated and untiring efforts of Hon’ble Minister of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of Assam, Dr. Himanta Biswa Sarma , decided to establish three new medical colleges at Jorhat, Tezpur and Barpeta in the state of Assam in 2005 so that these medical colleges would go a long way towards meeting the need for trained human resources in all spheres of health care delivery in the state.
Jorhat was selected as a site for a new medical college to bring advanced and state- of- the- art medical education and tertiary health care facilities to middle Assam, the area between Guwahati and Dibrugarh. It has been thought that this medical college at Jorhat would cater to the health care needs of about 1.2 million population of Jorhat with three subdivisions at Moriani, Titabar and the famous river island Majuli. Besides these, the Jorhat Medical College would also cater to the healthcare needs of the neighbouring four districts of Sibsagar, Golaghat, Karbi Anglong and Lakhimpur. It will also benefit patients from the neighbouring states of NE India namely Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.